Facts Related To Lizards

There are about 6263 species of lizards in this world. Out of the 6263 species, only two species are venomous. They are present everywhere except the continent Antarctica. They can be as small as 1.6 cm to as long as 11 feet. Some lizard species can weigh up to 166 kg (weight and length of the lizard varies with the species). Depending on the species, they may live anywhere from one year to 30 years. Some of the species of the lizard’s teeth are replaced every time the earlier set of teeth falls off.

There are some species in lizards that squirt blood from their eyes to protect themselves from the predators or when they feel that there is some kind of threat. They can do this with the help of “horns” which are present near their eyes. The blood squirted from the eyes can go for a distance up to 4 feet. When there is scarcity of water, they save water and excrete only salts and you can actually see a white residue on their body which is salt. Some types of lizards can change the colour of their skin as the mood takes them, while some change to match their environment. Lizards are cold blooded, and this is why they love to bask in sunlight and bright light. Many lizards are carnivores which mean they eat meat. A typical diet for a lizard includes ants, spiders, termites, cicadas, small mammals and even other lizards. Caiman lizards eat animals with shells, such as snails. Other lizards are omnivores which mean they eat vegetation and meat. One example of an omnivore lizard is Clark’s spiny lizard. These lizards like fruits, leaves and vegetables. Some lizards are herbivores and only eat plants. The marine iguana, which lives in the Galapagos Islands, eats algae from the sea. Iguanas and spiny-tailed agamids also eat plants.

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